How to Climb Kilimanjaro

The Popplewell Well!

Several years ago, Team Kilimanjaro were approached by representatives of the Maasai community that live close to the Lake Natron region of northern Tanzania, with a request to assist villagers in obtaining clean water.

The cause of the problem is that since the 1950's the Maasai people have been compelled by the demands of animal conservation - initially on land subsequently designated as "Serengeti National Park" and thereafter from what is now the "Ngorongoro Conservation Area" - to migrate away from historic grazing pastures to arid areas, such as the Great Rift Valley basin.

The area that we have identified as being in greatest need, where the only available water is found in pools that form after rains and which become quickly stagnant, is Wosiwosi. In this area there are 4,000 villagers who have no access to running or clean water.

This year, however, it looks like the Maasai may finally get a borehole and clean water, following incredibly generous pledges and donations from a family and churches in the US!


This location marked with a pin on the following map is where the hydrological survey has determined that water should be drilled:

However, the required depth is estimated to be some 150 metres and with therefore require a powerful solar station and pumps to retrieve the water. This, and the increased costs of operating so remotely, necessitate very high costs being met.


The following are the lowest costs we have been quoted. Readers are invited to advise whether it is believed that any savings may be made by contracting a competent alternative provider:

Description of item Unit Quantity Price (TZS) Total (TZS) USD
Drilling permit - Internal Drainage Basin Water Board 1 250,000 250,000 $107
Mobilization of equipment & drilling staff 1 1,500,000 1,500,000 $644
Drilling by 8" diameter m 150 95,000 14,250,000 $6,116
Supply & installation of Plain uPVCs 6" ID pc 39 122,000 4,758,000 $2,042
Supply & installation of Screen uPVCs 6" ID pc 12 127,000 1,524,000 $654
Supply & installation of bottom cap pc 2 200,000 400,000 $172
Supply & insert filter gravel pack 2-4 mm size m3 8 180,000 1,440,000 $618
Borehole development hr 1 1,440,000 1,440,000 $618
Temp. supply & install pumping test equipment 1 1,200,000 1,200,000 $515
Carry out pumping test (constant discharge) hr 12 200,000 2,400,000 $1,030
Recovery test hr 1 300,000 300,000 $129
Sampling & laboratory water quality analysis (PCB) 1 500,000 500,000 $215
Completion report 1 300,000 300,000 $129
Solar panel 300W, 26V pc 7 480,000 3,360,000 $1,442
Solar submersible pump pc 1 3,980,000 3,980,000 $1,708
Drop cable 6mm2 4 cores for 200 meters m 200 14,000 2,800,000 $1,202
Solar structure construction 1 2,100,000 2,100,000 $901
Tower building materials 1 6,917,000 6,917,000 $2,969
Sim tank - 10,000 litres pc 1 2,950,000 2,950,000 $1,266
Mobilization of materials & construction staff 1 1,200,000 1,200,000 $515
Grand total $22,974
VAT $4,135
Total cost $27,109

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This safari itinerary is recommended from November to April when we expect the migration to be in the south.


If you want to make a significant, positive contribution towards cleaning up Kilimanjaro and help us return its ecology to a pristine wilderness environment, please make use of the following payment facility:

Frank John Fund
Tuesday, April 26th 2022

Following Frank John's sad passing away in March 2022, some former climbers requested the opportunity to contribute towards helping Frank's surviving wife, Clara, cover the costs for the family.

Help Bring Clean Water to the Maasai
Tuesday, December 21st 2021

Several years ago, Team Kilimanjaro were approached by representatives of the Maasai community that live close to the Lake Natron region of northern Tanzania, with a request to assist villagers in obtaining clean water.

CAFU 1301
November 2021

16th May 2022: Arrive in Kathmandu - Caroline, Jake and Meaghan

Help Us Fight Rhino Poaching
Wednesday, October 20th 2021

It is estimated that since the turn of the previous century, the world has lost more than 99% of its rhino population, and that today (figure updated on 15th January 2024), only 24,431 of these majestic creatures survive. (See more details on poaching and species numbers at the World Animal Foundation's website.)

VIP Series Comparison
Thursday, September 23rd 2021

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Wilderness First Aid Basics
Thursday, September 23rd 2021

Wilderness first aid is the knowledge and ability to effectively address injuries, illnesses, or emergencies outside of modern facilities, out in the wild. Skills include knowing how to dress a wound, treat a burn or bite, or set an injured limb. These are important skills that can save your life or the lives of other outdoor enthusiasts. Learn more and be better prepared for your next hiking or backpacking adventure.


Many people spend a lot of time and money training and equipping themselves for a Kilimanjaro climb, only to fail in their objective of reaching the summit. Failure is avoidable and we really want trekkers to understand how to prevent it.


As from March 2021, PCR testing (or rather, sample-taking) is now available at Seronera and Ndutu airstrips in the Serengeti. This facility has been implemented to prevent clients having to either curtail their safaris or dissect their safaris with a journey to Arusha or, more recently, Karatu (FAME Hospital), mid-safari - so as to satisfy the "less than 72 hours old" validity rule that most airlines are required to enforce. 

Arusha Cycling Club
Wednesday, January 20th 2021

Arusha Pedal Series club aims to organise a group ride three times a week - on Mondays, Wednesdays or Thursdays, and Saturdays. All keen cyclists are welcome to join.

Dangerous to climb Kilimanjaro?
Friday, January 1st 2021

We read widely divergent estimates of deaths on Kilimanjaro, but how dangerous is it really? In this post we share our own experience of the dangers.